English   |   Kurdî   |   كوردى   |   عربى
Art    Sport    Technology    Miscellaneous
Follow us on:
facebook twitter google + skype rss-feed youtube
US officials colluded with the Iraqi Government, knowingly surrendering the field to Iran
Kurdish genocide: Never again
Barzani on Christmas: No force, ideology can destroy coexistence in Kurdistan
  •  KRG summons Iranian diplomat over CIA accusation on Iran protests
  •  PUK, KDP push for a united Kurdish list in Iraqi elections
  •  KDP to discuss joint list for Iraqi elections, timing for Kurdistan's with PUK
  •  Opposition parties defend meeting with Abadi separate of KRG
  •  Peshmerga and locals celebrate the New Year on front line facing Iraqi forces
  •  Commission prepared to hold Kurdistan elections in April
  •  Erbil health facing critical supply shortages
  •  Iran protests turn deadly: reports
  •  Kurdistan flag banned, Khamenei photo raised in Kirkuk
  •  Iraqi PM extremely arrogant, hinders dialogue between Erbil, Baghdad: Kurdish MP
Last Updated: 17/01/2018 10:29:26 pm
Ted Galen Carpenter - A Turkish-Iranian Rapprochement: Regional Implications
A Turkish-Iranian Rapprochement: Regional Implications
Share
Date: 09/03/2014 : 21:36:40Views: 581
  

There are indications that relations between Ankara and Tehran, which have gone through cycles of cooperation and intense hostility over the decades, are once again on the mend. Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan’s January visit to Iran symbolized the latest shift. During his trip, Erdogan stated that his country’s goal was to “stand shoulder to shoulder” with Iran in combating terrorism. The prospect of improved Turkish-Iranian relations has important implications for Iraq’s Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) and the entire Middle East.

The desire for close cooperation with the clerical regime in Tehran marked a return to an earlier pattern, but was a dramatic shift from Turkish policy over the past three years. After the U.S.-led invasion overthrew Saddam Hussein, Turkish and Iranian forces openly collaborated on military missions against insurgent Kurdish fighters that sometimes used KRG territory as safe havens. More broadly, Ankara resisted policies pushed by the United States and its NATO allies to tighten economic sanctions against Iran in response to that country’s continuing nuclear program. At one point, Turkey joined with Brazil to propose a compromise measure that would have been far more appealing to Tehran than the policy Washington preferred. That bilateral initiative drew a sharp rebuke from Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

Turkish-Iranian commerce soared along with the warming political, diplomatic, and military ties. Bilateral trade, which was a modest $1 billion in 2001, reached $16 billion in 2011, much to the growing annoyance in Washington and other NATO capitals.

Syria’s civil war derailed Turkish-Iranian collaboration, however. Ankara’s relations with Damascus, which were never very friendly, grew extremely tense as refugees from the mounting violence in Syria poured across the border into Turkey. Erdogan’s government joined with Saudi Arabia and Qatar to support the insurgency seeking to topple Syrian dictator Bashar al Assad. Tehran was most unhappy with Ankara’s stance for two reasons. First, Assad was (by far) Iran’s most important ally in the region. Second, Iranian leaders viewed the Syrian uprising as a Sunni Arab bid for power against Assad’s Shiite-led “coalition of minorities” regime. The generous financial and military aid that Saudi Arabia and Qatar gave to the insurgents intensified Tehran’s suspicions on that score.

Ankara’s shift back toward better relations with Iran suggests that Erdogan’s government no longer views Assad’s defeat as inevitable, and, therefore, deems it advisable to repair ties with Tehran. The policy change may also reflect Turkey’s uneasiness about how Syria’s Kurdish community has responded to the internal chaos by creating de facto autonomy in areas with a Kurdish majority.

At the same time, though, Ankara has gradually adopted a more accommodating policy toward the KRG. Turkish businesses now see the stable Kurdish region in Iraq as an attractive arena for trade and investment. And perhaps most important, oil from Kurdistan is flowing in ever greater volume through a pipeline into Turkey.

Those economic factors may inhibit Turkey from basing the new partnership with Iran on mutual hostility toward Iraqi Kurdistan. Nevertheless, the re-emergence of cordial ties between Ankara and Tehran bears watching for multiple reasons. The decline of hostility between two of the region’s leading powers has the potential to promote greater stability throughout the Middle East. Turkey’s possible defection from the Saudi-led coalition to overthrow Assad especially may make a compromise solution to the Syrian civil war more feasible. Those would all be welcome developments.

But Kurdish leaders need to monitor events closely, because the Turkish-Iranian rapprochement could also lead to negative implications for Iraqi Kurdistan as well as the Kurdish communities in Syria and Iran. At the very least, it would be wise for the KRG to redouble its efforts to strengthen already encouraging economic ties with Turkey. That would give Ankara an important incentive not to build any rapprochement with Tehran on an anti-Kurdish foundation.

Ted Galen Carpenter, a senior fellow at the Cato Institute and a member of the editorial board at Mediterranean Quarterly, is the author of nine books and more than 550 articles and policy studies on international affairs.

Prof. Dr Vladislav B. Sotirović
The Kurdsand Kurdistan
Dr. Anwar A. Abdullah (Al-Barzanji)
Middle East: Out of Control
Davan Yahya Khalil
What Does President Barzani’s Visit to Turkey Mean?
Michael Gunter
THE SYRIAN KURDS AND THE CONFUSING U.S. SECURITY OUTLOOK GIVEN TURKEY’S ATTACKS AGAINST ISIS & THE PKK
Khaled Salih
Kurdistan’s challenges
Dlsoz Hawrami
UN Genocide Convention: It proves so difficult to recognize so many atrocity crimes as Genocide
Professor Jamal Ameen
Order out of Chaos in Kurdistan
Ted Galen Carpenter
Declining Oil Prices Will Not Lead to Iran’s Surrender on the Nuclear Issue
Yasin Aziz
What is meant to be Peshmerga
Saro Qadir
Middle East Negotiations and Kurdistan’s Lack of Strategy
Doğu Ergil
THE FATE OF THE PEACE PROCESS IS AMBIGOUS IN TURKEY
David Romano
Thanks to the Islamic State
Shawnm Yahya
Democracy and Anti- Democracy
Hemin Hawrami
President Barzani and Kurdistan's Advancement and Success during the Past Eight Years
Dr. Mohammed Sharif
Culture of Hostility to Authority Social Disaster
Chaim Kaufmann
How the Whole Middle East Disappeared
Alon Ben-Meir
Syria: The Battleground between Sunnis and Shittes
Shilan bibany
Tower and Cancer
News
  President Barzani Meets French President Hollande in Paris
  Iraqi Kurdistan region to export oil for first time
  Statement by President Barzani on British parliament’s recognition of Kurdish genocide
  Iraqi Army arrests 4 Turkish Anadolu Journalists
  Hebrew University students from around the world celebrate Newroz
  Dr. Kamal Kirkuki meets with Henry A. Kissinger
Reports‌
  Iraq in a stage of post-federalism
  The Iraqi Government Still Able to Implement Agreements
  The Golden Jubilee… A Liberation Medallion for the Motto “Either Kurdistan or Dissolution” The September Revolution Still Ongoing
  The Effects of Media in the Transitional Stages
  Violating the Iraqi Constitution Imposes Autocracy and the Return of Dictatorship
  Different Problems of Democracy Development in the Developing Countries
Exclusive Interviews
  Hayat Alvi to Gulan Magazine:In terms of Islamic ideologies in Egypt, the similarities and perspectives are similar to Wahhabis / Salafists in Saudi Arabia
  Ian S. Lustick to Gulan: I imagine the end of the Syrian Regime will be more like that of the Ceaucescu regime in Romania than of other, less violent, transitions in Eastern Europe
  Interview with the Professor David Romano
  Interview of Javier Solana for Gulan magazine - Iraqi Kurdistan
  Brendan O'Leary to Gulan Magazine: Only a fool would say the break-up of Iraq will never happen
Columns‌
  Kurdistan – a brief history
  Turkey & Kurdistan: Prospects for Complementary Economy
  Recent Western Scholarship on the Kurds in Iraq: A Retrospective
  Iraq amid Democracy & Instability
  Book Review Essay on Halabja & the Anfal
  Kurdistan: Total Solutions for Sustainability
  The Opening of a U.S. Consulate in Hawler
Miscellaneous
  Kurdish Singer Helly Luv Counters Criticism of Viral Music Video
  Work At Home Mum Makes $10,397/Month Part-Time
  Modern, Folk Kurdish Music Selling Well in Kurdistan
  Lebanese beauty grabs Miss Arab USA title
  Déjà vu? Haifa Wehbe’s bid to be Monica Bellucci
  Who is Clooney’s fiancée Amal Alamuddin?
  Rolling Stones promise 'historic' Cuba concert

Index  |  News  |  Reports  |  Exclusive Interviews  |  Columns‌  |  From Media  |  Miscellaneous  |  Arts  |  Questionnaire  |  Archives  |  Contact us

All rights reserved © gulan-media.com 2005
Developed by: Dashti Ibrahim
Online :19 Visitor : 3256440