English   |   Kurdî   |   كوردى   |   عربى
Art    Sport    Technology    Miscellaneous
Follow us on:
facebook twitter google + skype rss-feed youtube
Professor Dr. Robert Axelrod for Gulan: A nuclear arms race in the Middle East is a serious possibility
Kurdish genocide: Never again
Barzani on Christmas: No force, ideology can destroy coexistence in Kurdistan
  •  KRG summons Iranian diplomat over CIA accusation on Iran protests
  •  PUK, KDP push for a united Kurdish list in Iraqi elections
  •  KDP to discuss joint list for Iraqi elections, timing for Kurdistan's with PUK
  •  Opposition parties defend meeting with Abadi separate of KRG
  •  Peshmerga and locals celebrate the New Year on front line facing Iraqi forces
  •  Commission prepared to hold Kurdistan elections in April
  •  Erbil health facing critical supply shortages
  •  Iran protests turn deadly: reports
  •  Kurdistan flag banned, Khamenei photo raised in Kirkuk
  •  Iraqi PM extremely arrogant, hinders dialogue between Erbil, Baghdad: Kurdish MP
Last Updated: 25/05/2018 08:53:30 am
Ted Galen Carpenter - Is Iraq Becoming a Failed State?
Is Iraq Becoming a Failed State?
Date: 22/10/2013 : 13:46:50Views: 1086

For the people of Iraq, 2013 has been a very bad year. With the partial exception of Kurdistan, violence has soared throughout the country, reaching levels not seen since the bloody convulsions of 2006 and 2007. And the nature of the new bloodshed often resembles the sectarian conflicts of that earlier period, as Sunni Arabs and Shiite Arabs engage in nasty attacks on each other’s communities and holy sites. The goal of a united, peaceful, democratic Iraq seems as elusive as ever. Indeed, given the nature and extent of the carnage, some observers now wonder whether Iraq could be on the verge of becoming another Somalia or Syria—a “failed state” in which national political authority collapses.

It is probably premature to reach such a dire conclusion, but the trend is extremely ominous. And there are indications that Iraq could be caught up in a larger regional maelstrom of a Sunni-Shiite power struggle. Certainly, what has occurred next door in Syria is having a destabilizing effect on Iraq. The Syrian civil war largely pits a Sunni-dominated insurgency against a coalition of ethnic and religious minorities backing the government of Bashar al-Assad. The two most prominent factions in that coalition are Assad’s own Alawite community (a Shiite offshoot) and Syria’s beleaguered Christians. Other ethno-religious minorities (especially the Kurds) tend to be caught in the middle.

The fighting in Syria has caused numerous problems for Iraq. One has been the influx of tens of thousands of Syrian refugees, placing an enormous logistical and financial burden on both the national government in Baghdad and the Kurdish Regional Government (KRG). But the conflict has also exacerbated the already festering Sunni-Shiite tensions inside Iraq. It is probably not a coincidence that Iraq’s sectarian conflicts re-ignited as the Syrian civil war intensified. Not only has the violence in Syria had that effect, Iraq is under growing pressures from Iran, the leading Shiite power in the region, and Saudi Arabia and Turkey, the leading Sunni powers and the principal sponsors of the anti-Assad insurgency, to take sides in Syria’s civil strife. All of these factors have contributed to greater instability in Iraq.

Thus far, Iraqi Kurdistan has managed to avoid the worst of the violence, but in recent weeks, there are signs of a worsening spillover effect. And the resulting tensions are exacerbating Kurdistan’s own political squabbles. Even with those heightened troubles, though, Kurdistan remains a reasonably peaceful, well-governed political entity—an island of stability in the midst an increasingly chaotic Iraq. The key question is whether it can remain so.

For the leaders of the KRG, and for the United States, it is more and more critical to assess whether Iraq is likely to remain a viable country. There are a good many worrisome signs, and if a full-fledged Sunni-Shiite armed conflict should erupt, the outcome likely will be far different than in 2007. The U.S. military still occupied Iraq during that period, and Washington used as much military and political influence as possible to dampen the fighting. This time, there is no U.S. military presence, and America’s political and diplomatic clout in Baghdad is much less than it was six years ago. If Iraqis don’t stem their own sectarian violence, there is little to prevent Iraq from descending into the nightmare chaos of other failed states.

Ted Galen Carpenter, a senior fellow at the Cato Institute, is the author of nine books and more than 500 articles and policy studies. He is also a member of the editorial board of Mediterranean Quarterly.

Prof. Dr Vladislav B. Sotirović
The Western Virus of „Russophobia Vulgaris“Leads Towards A New Stage of The Cold War
Dr. Anwar A. Abdullah (Al-Barzanji)
Middle East: Out of Control
Davan Yahya Khalil
What Does President Barzani’s Visit to Turkey Mean?
Michael Gunter
Khaled Salih
Kurdistan’s challenges
Dlsoz Hawrami
UN Genocide Convention: It proves so difficult to recognize so many atrocity crimes as Genocide
Professor Jamal Ameen
Order out of Chaos in Kurdistan
Ted Galen Carpenter
Declining Oil Prices Will Not Lead to Iran’s Surrender on the Nuclear Issue
Yasin Aziz
What is meant to be Peshmerga
Saro Qadir
Middle East Negotiations and Kurdistan’s Lack of Strategy
Doğu Ergil
David Romano
Thanks to the Islamic State
Shawnm Yahya
Democracy and Anti- Democracy
Hemin Hawrami
President Barzani and Kurdistan's Advancement and Success during the Past Eight Years
Dr. Mohammed Sharif
Culture of Hostility to Authority Social Disaster
Chaim Kaufmann
How the Whole Middle East Disappeared
Alon Ben-Meir
Syria: The Battleground between Sunnis and Shittes
Shilan bibany
Tower and Cancer
  President Barzani Meets French President Hollande in Paris
  Iraqi Kurdistan region to export oil for first time
  Statement by President Barzani on British parliament’s recognition of Kurdish genocide
  Iraqi Army arrests 4 Turkish Anadolu Journalists
  Dr. Kamal Kirkuki meets with Henry A. Kissinger
  Hebrew University students from around the world celebrate Newroz
  Iraq in a stage of post-federalism
  The Iraqi Government Still Able to Implement Agreements
  The Golden Jubilee… A Liberation Medallion for the Motto “Either Kurdistan or Dissolution” The September Revolution Still Ongoing
  The Effects of Media in the Transitional Stages
  Different Problems of Democracy Development in the Developing Countries
  Violating the Iraqi Constitution Imposes Autocracy and the Return of Dictatorship
Exclusive Interviews
  Hayat Alvi to Gulan Magazine:In terms of Islamic ideologies in Egypt, the similarities and perspectives are similar to Wahhabis / Salafists in Saudi Arabia
  Ian S. Lustick to Gulan: I imagine the end of the Syrian Regime will be more like that of the Ceaucescu regime in Romania than of other, less violent, transitions in Eastern Europe
  Interview with the Professor David Romano
  Interview of Javier Solana for Gulan magazine - Iraqi Kurdistan
  Brendan O'Leary to Gulan Magazine: Only a fool would say the break-up of Iraq will never happen
  Kurdistan – a brief history
  Turkey & Kurdistan: Prospects for Complementary Economy
  Recent Western Scholarship on the Kurds in Iraq: A Retrospective
  Iraq amid Democracy & Instability
  Book Review Essay on Halabja & the Anfal
  Kurdistan: Total Solutions for Sustainability
  Kurdistan: Nation & Nature
  Kurdish Singer Helly Luv Counters Criticism of Viral Music Video
  Work At Home Mum Makes $10,397/Month Part-Time
  Modern, Folk Kurdish Music Selling Well in Kurdistan
  Lebanese beauty grabs Miss Arab USA title
  Déjà vu? Haifa Wehbe’s bid to be Monica Bellucci
  Who is Clooney’s fiancée Amal Alamuddin?
  Rolling Stones promise 'historic' Cuba concert

Index  |  News  |  Reports  |  Exclusive Interviews  |  Columns‌  |  From Media  |  Miscellaneous  |  Arts  |  Questionnaire  |  Archives  |  Contact us

All rights reserved © gulan-media.com 2005
Developed by: Dashti Ibrahim
Online :21 Visitor : 3357672