English   |   Kurdî   |   كوردى   |   عربى
Art    Sport    Technology    Miscellaneous
Follow us on:
facebook twitter google + skype rss-feed youtube
Professor Amy Austin Holmes to Gulan: The developments in Turkey and Egypt demonstrate the authoritarian tendencies of both Erdoğan and Sisi
Kurdish genocide: Never again
Barzani on Christmas: No force, ideology can destroy coexistence in Kurdistan
  •  KRG summons Iranian diplomat over CIA accusation on Iran protests
  •  PUK, KDP push for a united Kurdish list in Iraqi elections
  •  KDP to discuss joint list for Iraqi elections, timing for Kurdistan's with PUK
  •  Opposition parties defend meeting with Abadi separate of KRG
  •  Peshmerga and locals celebrate the New Year on front line facing Iraqi forces
  •  Commission prepared to hold Kurdistan elections in April
  •  Erbil health facing critical supply shortages
  •  Iran protests turn deadly: reports
  •  Kurdistan flag banned, Khamenei photo raised in Kirkuk
  •  Iraqi PM extremely arrogant, hinders dialogue between Erbil, Baghdad: Kurdish MP
Last Updated: 19/03/2018 10:16:03 am
Ted Galen Carpenter - Kurdistan’s Syrian Refugee Crisis
Kurdistan’s Syrian Refugee Crisis
Date: 09/01/2013 : 14:50:39Views: 1202

Syria’s civil war has produced an abundance of human tragedy. The latest estimate by the United Nations puts the death toll in the violence at a shocking 60,000. Portions of Aleppo and other major cities lie in ruins, and yet there seems to be no end to the fighting.

Among the most tragic victims are the innocent civilians who have been driven from or had to flee their homes, often with little more than the clothes on their backs. The Western press has taken note of their plight, but most of the focus to this point has been on refugees who have crossed the border into Turkey or Lebanon. There is another flow, however. It consists of Syrians who have fled into Iraq—primarily into Iraqi Kurdistan.

The largest Kurdistan Region refugee camp is Dumiz, near the border with Syria. When that facility was first established, KRG authorities allocated 110 acres. They assumed that even though there were approximately two million Kurds living in Syria, only about 1,500 Syrian Kurds were expected to seek shelter in Iraq.

That estimate proved to be far too optimistic. By early December 2011 there were at least 38,000 people in Dumiz, and more than 500 new refugees enter the now 270 acre camp each day. In Iraqi Kurdistan as a whole, the total of displaced persons is estimated to be more than 60,000. Not all of them are Kurds, but a sizable majority are, and how to handle the refugee issue has become yet another source of tension between the regional government in Erbil and Iraq’s national government in Baghdad.

Kurds on both sides of the border were troubled and suspicious when Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki temporarily closed the border crossings in mid-November. KRG leaders also scrutinized Baghdad’s moves to move more government troops north along Iraq’s border with Syria. They suspected that the redeployment had a dual purpose—not only to guard Iraqi territory from the spillover effects of the fighting in Syria but also to strengthen Baghdad’s military presence in the north and build the foundation for trying to intimidate the KRG. The Syrian refugee crisis is thus exacerbating an already dangerous confrontation inside Iraq.

The soaring numbers of refugees are also putting a financial strain on the KRG government and its taxpayers, especially in Duhok province. The cost of providing just basic food, shelter, and medical care for tens of thousands of people fleeing Syria into Iraqi Kurdistan has now exceeded $13 million USD. That amount may double as early as the spring of 2013.

There are also delicate political and diplomatic implications. The authorities in Baghdad worry about an influx of Syrian Kurds that could further enlarge the population of the Kurdistan region and make it even less receptive to the central government’s authority. Yet KRG leaders note that the primary, effective authority across the border in Syria’s Kurdish region is the YPG militia, affiliated with the Kurdish Democratic Union Party (PYD). The PYD has close ties with the radical leftist Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) in Turkey, and KRG leaders are understandably wary of stirring up further tensions with the regime in Ankara.

Washington is watching all of these developments with growing interest and uneasiness. It is revealing that the Obama administration has not suggested (much less actively supported) the establishment of an autonomous Kurdish regional government in northeastern Syria the way it did regarding northern Iraq’s Kurdish region during the final years of Saddam Hussein’s rule. U.S. leaders understand that both Ankara and Baghdad would deeply resent such a move, even though it might find some backing in Erbil. Washington is not anxious to antagonize either its Iraqi or Turkish ally over this issue. But events are evolving rapidly, and the growing Syrian Kurdish refugee crisis is creating multiple pressures on all parties involved. Washington could easily become embroiled in a multi-sided diplomatic crisis.

Ted Galen Carpenter, a senior fellow at the Cato Institute, is the author of nine books on international affairs. He is also a contributing editor to The National Interest and a member of the editorial board of Mediterranean Quarterly.

Prof. Dr Vladislav B. Sotirović
The Kurdsand Kurdistan
Dr. Anwar A. Abdullah (Al-Barzanji)
Middle East: Out of Control
Davan Yahya Khalil
What Does President Barzani’s Visit to Turkey Mean?
Michael Gunter
Khaled Salih
Kurdistan’s challenges
Dlsoz Hawrami
UN Genocide Convention: It proves so difficult to recognize so many atrocity crimes as Genocide
Professor Jamal Ameen
Order out of Chaos in Kurdistan
Ted Galen Carpenter
Declining Oil Prices Will Not Lead to Iran’s Surrender on the Nuclear Issue
Yasin Aziz
What is meant to be Peshmerga
Saro Qadir
Middle East Negotiations and Kurdistan’s Lack of Strategy
Doğu Ergil
David Romano
Thanks to the Islamic State
Shawnm Yahya
Democracy and Anti- Democracy
Hemin Hawrami
President Barzani and Kurdistan's Advancement and Success during the Past Eight Years
Dr. Mohammed Sharif
Culture of Hostility to Authority Social Disaster
Chaim Kaufmann
How the Whole Middle East Disappeared
Alon Ben-Meir
Syria: The Battleground between Sunnis and Shittes
Shilan bibany
Tower and Cancer
  President Barzani Meets French President Hollande in Paris
  Iraqi Kurdistan region to export oil for first time
  Statement by President Barzani on British parliament’s recognition of Kurdish genocide
  Iraqi Army arrests 4 Turkish Anadolu Journalists
  Dr. Kamal Kirkuki meets with Henry A. Kissinger
  Hebrew University students from around the world celebrate Newroz
  Iraq in a stage of post-federalism
  The Iraqi Government Still Able to Implement Agreements
  The Golden Jubilee… A Liberation Medallion for the Motto “Either Kurdistan or Dissolution” The September Revolution Still Ongoing
  The Effects of Media in the Transitional Stages
  Different Problems of Democracy Development in the Developing Countries
  Violating the Iraqi Constitution Imposes Autocracy and the Return of Dictatorship
Exclusive Interviews
  Hayat Alvi to Gulan Magazine:In terms of Islamic ideologies in Egypt, the similarities and perspectives are similar to Wahhabis / Salafists in Saudi Arabia
  Ian S. Lustick to Gulan: I imagine the end of the Syrian Regime will be more like that of the Ceaucescu regime in Romania than of other, less violent, transitions in Eastern Europe
  Interview with the Professor David Romano
  Interview of Javier Solana for Gulan magazine - Iraqi Kurdistan
  Brendan O'Leary to Gulan Magazine: Only a fool would say the break-up of Iraq will never happen
  Kurdistan – a brief history
  Turkey & Kurdistan: Prospects for Complementary Economy
  Recent Western Scholarship on the Kurds in Iraq: A Retrospective
  Iraq amid Democracy & Instability
  Book Review Essay on Halabja & the Anfal
  Kurdistan: Total Solutions for Sustainability
  Kurdistan: Nation & Nature
  Kurdish Singer Helly Luv Counters Criticism of Viral Music Video
  Work At Home Mum Makes $10,397/Month Part-Time
  Modern, Folk Kurdish Music Selling Well in Kurdistan
  Lebanese beauty grabs Miss Arab USA title
  Déjà vu? Haifa Wehbe’s bid to be Monica Bellucci
  Who is Clooney’s fiancée Amal Alamuddin?
  Rolling Stones promise 'historic' Cuba concert

Index  |  News  |  Reports  |  Exclusive Interviews  |  Columns‌  |  From Media  |  Miscellaneous  |  Arts  |  Questionnaire  |  Archives  |  Contact us

All rights reserved © gulan-media.com 2005
Developed by: Dashti Ibrahim
Online :18 Visitor : 3294271